Malta is an archipelago in the central Mediterranean between Sicily and the North African coast. It consists of three islands: Malta, Gozo and Comino. The total population is of over 442.000 inhabitants. Malta is the largest island, cultural, commercial, and administrative center. Gozo is the second largest island characterized by tourism and agriculture and Comino smallest but very popular to visit in summer.
Apart from the sunny weather, charming beaches, Malta is also known for its rich history and prehistory. Prehistory dates to 5500 BC and the remains can be still seen all over the islands. A number of temples have left us an indication of the lives and beliefs of the early “Maltese” islanders. The Maltese temples in Ggantija, Gozo are older than the Great Pyramid of Cheops in Egypt and Stonehenge in southern Britain. The prehistory in many aspects remains a mystery whereby it can be still explored thousands of years later.
With a succession of powers having contested and ruled the islands, including Phoenicians and Carthaginians, Romans, Greeks, Arabs, Normans, Aragonese, Knights of St. John, French and British, Malta has historically given it great strategic importance. In 1964, Malta became independent and in 1974 it became a republic within Commonwealth with the President as a head of state. In 2004, Malta joined the European Union and in 2008 the Eurozone.